Tree Species

RowanThe bark is smooth and silvery grey and it has feather like leaves. Flowers are borne in clusters, each one bearing five creamy white petals. After successful pollination by insects, they develop into scarlet fruits. The tree has many values to wildlife: the leaves are eaten by caterpillars of a variety of moths, the flowers provide pollen and nectar for bees and the berries are a rich source of autumn food for birds.

Service TreeThe bark is brown and patterned and green lobed leaves are similar to maple and turn a rich, coppery red before falling in autumn. White flowers form in clusters in late spring and once pollinated the flowers develop into green-brown oval fruits, traditionally used as a herbal remedy for colic! The flowers provide pollen and nectar for insects, while the berries are eaten by birds and the leaves by caterpillars. This tree is quite rare in Britain and mostly found in pockets of ancient woodland.

Silver birchThe white bark sheds layers like tissue paper, light green leaves fade to yellow in autumn and catkins are found on the tree from April to May. Silver birches can be used to improve soil quality for other plants to grow due to its deep roots bringing otherwise inaccessible nutrients into the tree, which are recycled on to the soil surface when the tree sheds its leaves. The tree also has many values to wildlife: it provides food and habitat for more than 300 insect species, and woodpeckers and other hole-nesting birds often nest in the trunk while the seeds are eaten by other birds such as greenfinches.

Copyright Galleywood Parish Council 2016